First place where you learn something is in the preschool. Here you will learn basic things like recognize what time is it atc. Next institution is basic school. Here you go at age of six usually and you will learn how to count, write, read, draw and some foreign language possibly.
Student finish basic school usually at age of fifteen and can choose if he/she wants go to gymnasium or high school.
I chose (vaše škola) because i heard good things about teachers and I always wanted to study (váš obor). We have many types of high schools and gymnasiums.
When you end school with passed graduation test you can again choose if you want to start work or study some university. In Czech Republic we have most known Karlova Univerzita and Vysoká škola ekonomická. I would choose (co chcete) because of the high standard of the school. We have types of universities like technical, economy, medical.
When you end university you will get at least bachelor or master or doctor degree.